sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
Note: Installation only works completely and properly when done from the command-line Terminal. The entire package will not usually install completely from within a Package Manager.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tualatrix/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak
sudo apt-get install libdvdread4
sudo apt-get install mplayer smplayer
You will find it under Applications -> Video & Sound -> SMPlayer
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-xbmc
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install xbmc
Many users prefer the Video Lan Client (VLC) as their multimedia player. VLC supports many formats without need for additional codecs. Simply install it by typing:
sudo apt-get install vlc vlc-plugin-pulse
sudo apt-get install k9copy
For more information you can read my How to backup your DVDs (in dvd, xvid, mpeg-4, x264 formats) using k9copy guide.
DVD::Rip is a DVD backup/copy program, written in GTK-based perl, that uses the transcode video/audio processing and conversion tools. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install dvdrip
For more information you can read my How to rip a DVD to DivX/XviD/H264 using DVD::Rip
2ManDVD is a GUI utility for creating DVD videos. It is the successor of ManDVD. For more information on how to install it and use it read my How to author a DVD using 2ManDVD in Linux guide.
DeVeDe is a program to create video DVDs and CDs suitable for home players (i.e. VCD, sVCD or CVD) from any source video file that is supported by MPlayer. For more information on how to install it and use it read my How to create a custom DVD using DeVeDe .
Ubuntu 10.04 uses OpenJDK, which mostly derives from Sun's JRE, as its default flavor of JRE. Moreover Icddtea is the default browser plugin to run Java applets. Most users should be fine with those JRE versions. If you don't have them installed simply type:
sudo apt-get install openjdk-6-jre icedtea6-plugin
However you can still install Sun's JRE and JDK like this if you are not satisfied with those packages. To do so first you must enable the partner repository. Go to System > Administration > Synaptic Package Manager > Settings > Repositories > Other Software and enable the partner repository. Now you can either search for sun-java6-jre, sun-java6-plugin, sun-java6-jdk using Synaptic or type the following commands in a terminal.
Close Firefox if it's running, open a terminal and type:
sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin
If you want to build applications, applets, and components using the Java programming language you need to install JDK.
sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jdk
Now you must choose the default Java you want to use. Open a terminal and type:
sudo update-alternatives --config java
And follow the instructions. Simply select the number for java-6-sun.
Google Earth lets you fly anywhere on Earth to view satellite imagery, maps, terrain, 3D buildings, from galaxies in outer space to the canyons of the ocean. You can explore rich geographical content, save your toured places, and share with others. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install googleearth-packagemake-googleearth-package --forcesudo dpkg -i googleearth*.deb
Afterwards you will find Google Earth under Applications > Internet > Google Earth
Chromium is Google's open source web browser and it's fast! You should give it a try. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install chromium-browser
If you want a daily version of Chromium (this version might have various problems and even crash) you must first add the gpg key:
sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com 4E5E17B5
Next You will have to add the following chromium-daily repo to your 3rd party repository list. Go to System - Administration - Software Sources, select the Other Software tab and Click ADD.
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/chromium-daily/ppa/ubuntu lucid main
sudo apt-get updatesudo apt-get install chromium-browser
Now you will find it under Applications > Internet > Chromium Web Browser.
Compiz Fusion allows you to use advanced desktop effects such as the rotating cube desktop.
sudo apt-get install compiz compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-fusion-plugins-main \compiz-fusion-plugins-extra emerald librsvg2-common fusion-icon
Run Applications -> System Tools -> Compiz Fusion Icon. A blue icon will appear to the tray. From here you can configure Compiz-Fusion.
Conky is a light-weight system monitor for X, that displays any information on your desktop.
sudo apt-get install conky
Screenlets are small applications that are laying on your desktop. Eye candy stuff and useful in many ways. Just type:
sudo apt-get install screenlets
Go to Applications -> Accessories –> Screenlets choose the screenlet you want click launch/add (you can choose Auto start on login) You can download additional screenlets from www.gnome-look.org or screenlets.org from http://screenlets.org/index.php/Category:UserScreenlets
Cairo Dock is a light eye-candy fully themable animated dock for any Linux desktop. It has a family-likeness with OSX dock, but with more options.
sudo apt-get install cairo-dock cairo-dock-plug-ins
You will find it under Applications > Accessories > Cairo Dock
GNOME Do (Do) is an intelligent launcher tool that makes performing common tasks on your computer simple and efficient. Do not only allows you to search for items in your desktop environment (e.g. applications, contacts, bookmarks, files, music), it also allows you to specify actions to perform on search results (e.g. run, open, email, chat, play).
sudo apt-get install gnome-do
wget http://launchpad.net/mwbuttons/trunk/v0.2/+download/mwbuttonschmod +x mwbuttons./mwbuttons
Now just select Settings > Karmic style and the buttons will go to the right.
Alternatively you can use Ubuntu Tweak mentioned above.
XChat is an IRC chat program for both Linux and Windows. It allows you to join multiple IRC channels (chat rooms) at the same time, talk publicly, private one-on-one conversations etc. Even file transfers are possible.
sudo apt-get install xchat
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> XChat IRC Ubuntu 9.10 uses empathy as its default IM (Instant Messaging) client. A few others IMs are:
Pidgin is an open source IM application. It is the previous default in the Ubuntu (Gnome) desktop.
sudo apt-get install pidgin
aMSN is an MSN Messenger utility that functions like the original client. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install amsn
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> aMSN
Emesene is an MSN messenger client that uses a simplified interface similar to the original client. To install it type
sudo apt-get install emesene
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> Emesene
Skype is a proprietary integrated VOIP and video conferencing program similar to Ekiga. To install skype on Ubuntu 10.10 just click on the Ubuntu 8.10+ 32bit version or Ubuntu 8.10+ 64 bit version. Download skype .
Transmission is the default BitTorrent client in Ubuntu 9.10. Here are some additional clients if you want to try them.
Deluge is a lightweight, Free Software, cross-platform BitTorrent client.
sudo apt-get install deluge
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> Deluge BitTorrent client
Vuze is the next version of Azureus. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install vuze
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> Vuze
Ubuntu has a graphical configuration tool for enabling read/write on NTFS partitions, either from a Windows/Linux dual boot system or from external hard disks. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install ntfs-config
Run it through System -> Administration -> NTFS Configuration Tool. NTFS-Config will auto detect your NTFS partitions and afterwards you can enable write support for them. The will be mounted under /media.
PlayOnLinux is a piece of sofware which allows you to easily install and use numerous games and softwares designed to run with Microsoft®'s Windows®. Call Of Duty, Grand Theft Auto, Need For Speed, Starcraft, Steam, Age Of Empires, Warcraft and AutoCad are only some of those. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install playonlinux
Run it through Games -> PlayoOnLinux.
Here are some books you can read to learn more about Ubuntu Desktop and Server, Administration and Security!