ubuntu.jpgUbuntu 9.10 codenamed Karmic Koala is releassed! Canonical and Ubuntu developers have done their best to give as a better than the previous Ubuntu 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope Linux distribution. New installer, new artwork (themes, icons, wallpapers, login screen), ext4 filesystem, grub2, new software versions (Gnome 2.28.1, Firefox 3.5.3), the anticipated Software Center (instant access to thousands of free and open-source applications) and many many other improvements, bug fixes and changes are presented in Ubuntu 9.10.

Download Ubuntu 9.10 , install it or upgrade from the previous Ubuntu 9.04 and let's get started. Just like my previous Ubuntu 9.04 Post Installation guide in this post installattion Ubuntu guide I will present you some tips and notes to make it easier for you to use Karmic Koala. Let's get started!


  1. Restricted Extras
  2. Multimedia
  3. Java
  4. Google Earth
  5. Eye Candy
  6. Internet
  7. Torrent clients
  8. NTFS read/write support
  9. Ubuntu books

1. Restricted Extras

The Ubuntu Restricted Extras will install Adobe Flash Player, Java Runtime Environment (JRE) (sun-java-jre) with Firefox plug-ins (icedtea), a set of Microsoft Fonts (msttcorefonts), multimedia codecs (w32codecs or w64codecs), mp3-compatible encoding (lame), FFMpeg, extra Gstreamer codecs, the package for DVD decoding (libdvdread4, but see below for info on libdvdcss2), the unrar archiver, odbc, and cabextract. It also installs multiple "stripped" codecs and avutils (libavcodec-unstripped-52 and libavutil-unstripped-49). This is a single command approach.

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
Note: Installation only works completely and properly when done from the command-line Terminal. The entire package will not usually install completely from within a Package Manager.

2. Multimedia

Audio and Video Playback

Playing a Video (XVid, DivX etc.) or Audio (MP3) file has become pretty easy. Just double click the file you want and allow Totem to automatically download the needed codecs. But you could also do this by yourself very easily by installing a package which contains all the needed codecs and more. Just look above at Ubuntu Restricted Extras.

DVD Playback

To play encrypted DVDs you must install libdvdcss2. In Ubuntu 9.10, just like Ubuntu 9.04, there is no need to manually configure the Medibuntu repository. If you have previously installed Ubuntu Restricted Extras skip the following command. If you haven't open a terminal and type:

sudo apt-get install libdvdread4
Next type:

sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh


Personally I prefer mplayer and smplayer (mplayer's GUI) for video playback. It supports almost any video type, external subtitles as well as DVD playback as long as you have the needed codecs installed as shown previously. To install it type:

sudo apt-get install mplayer smplayer

You will find it under Applications -> Video & Sound -> SMPlayer


Many users prefer the Video Lan Client (VLC) as their multimedia player. VLC supports many formats without need for additional codecs. Simply install it by typing:

sudo apt-get install vlc vlc-plugin-pulse


K9copy is a free open source DVD backup, copying, compression, and authoring utility that requires libdvdcss. For other info, see this or this guide. You can easily create MPEG-2. MPEG-4, or DVD videos with this utility. To install it type:

sudo apt-get install k9copy

For more information you can read my How to backup your DVDs (in dvd, xvid, mpeg-4, x264 formats) using k9copy guide.


DVD::Rip is a DVD backup/copy program, written in GTK-based perl, that uses the transcode video/audio processing and conversion tools. To install it type:

sudo apt-get install dvdrip rar

For more information you can read my How to rip a DVD to DivX/XviD/H264 using DVD::Rip


2ManDVD is a GUI utility for creating DVD videos. It is the successor of ManDVD. For more information on how to install it and use it read my How to author a DVD using 2ManDVD in Linux guide.


DeVeDe is a program to create video DVDs and CDs suitable for home players (i.e. VCD, sVCD or CVD) from any source video file that is supported by MPlayer. For more information on how to install it and use it read my How to create a custom DVD using DeVeDe .

3. Java

Sun Java Runtime Environment (JRE) and Firefox Java Plugin

Close Firefox if it's running, open a terminal and type:

sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin

Sun Java Development Kit (JDK)

If you want to build applications, applets, and components using the Java programming language you need to install JDK.

sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jdk

4. Google Earth

Google Earth lets you fly anywhere on Earth to view satellite imagery, maps, terrain, 3D buildings, from galaxies in outer space to the canyons of the ocean. You can explore rich geographical content, save your toured places, and share with others. To install it type:

sudo apt-get install googleearth-package
make-googleearth-package --force
sudo dpkg -i googleearth*.deb
Afterwards you will find Google Earth under Applications -> Internet -> Google Earth

5. Eye Candy

Compiz Fusion

Compiz Fusion allows you to use advanced desktop effects such as the rotating cube desktop.

sudo apt-get install compiz compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-fusion-plugins-main \
compiz-fusion-plugins-extra emerald librsvg2-common fusion-icon
Run Applications -> System Tools -> Compiz Fusion Icon. A blue icon will appear to the tray. From here you can configure Compiz-Fusion.


Conky is a light-weight system monitor for X, that displays any information on your desktop.

sudo apt-get install conky


Screenlets are small applications that are laying on your desktop. Eye candy stuff and useful in many ways. Just type:

sudo apt-get install screenlets
Go to Applications -> Accessories –> Screenlets choose the screenlet you want click launch/add (you can choose Auto start on login)

You can download additional screenlets from www.gnome-look.org or screenlets.org from http://screenlets.org/index.php/Category:UserScreenlets

6. Internet


XChat is an IRC chat program for both Linux and Windows. It allows you to join multiple IRC channels (chat rooms) at the same time, talk publicly, private one-on-one conversations etc. Even file transfers are possible.

sudo apt-get install xchat
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> XChat IRC

Ubuntu 9.10 uses empathy as its default IM (Instant Messaging) client. A few others IMs are:


Pidgin is an open source IM application. It is the previous default in the Ubuntu (Gnome) desktop.
sudo apt-get install pidgin


aMSN is an MSN Messenger utility that functions like the original client. To install it type:

sudo apt-get install amsn
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> aMSN


Emesene is an MSN messenger client that uses a simplified interface similar to the original client. To install it type

sudo apt-get install emesene
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> Emesene


Skype is a proprietary integrated VOIP and video conferencing program similar to Ekiga. To install skype on Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala just click on the Ubuntu 8.10+ 32bit version or Ubuntu 8.10+ 64 bit version. Download skype .

7. Torrent clients

Transmission is the default BitTorrent client in Ubuntu 9.10. Here are some additional clients if you want to try them.


Deluge is a lightweight, Free Software, cross-platform BitTorrent client.

sudo apt-get install deluge
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> Deluge BitTorrent client


Vuze is the next version of Azureus. To install it type:

sudo apt-get install vuze
You will find it under Applications -> Internet -> Vuze

8. NTFS read/write support

Ubuntu has a graphical configuration tool for enabling read/write on NTFS partitions, either from a Windows/Linux dual boot system or from external hard disks. To install it type:
sudo apt-get install ntfs-config
Run it through System -> Administration -> NTFS Configuration Tool.
NTFS-Config will auto detect your NTFS partitions and afterwards you can enable write support for them. The will be mounted under /media.

9. Ubuntu books

Here are some books you can read to learn more about Ubuntu Desktop and Server, Administration and Security!

I hope the above information have made a little easier your experience with Ubuntu Karmic Koala 9.10. If there is something else you would like me to post in this guide feel free to drop me a comment! If you liked this article you could digg or twit it so that more users will read it! Enjoy!

Comments (22)

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Guide to post install on Karmic Koala
Thanks very much for the great guide, I stumbled across it and it has helped me set up a few of the basics after a clean install.(All my upgrades of Ubuntu suck, Karmic was the final nail in the coffin. Total lockup on boot). One problem I note is the Skype link isn't working, but a visit to the website and selecting the latest variant .deb package cured that one.

Best wishes


Langleyo , November 02, 2009
Best Guide
I laughed when I read this because it is exactly what I end up doing on all fresh Linux installs. This is probably the best most concise place I have found regarding post installation tweaks (for lack of a better term). Everyone new to Linux or even long time users (I often forget to install things until I need em) should check this out after a fresh install.

Thanks for taking the time to put it together!
Matt , November 02, 2009
Thank you for your comments! You are very welcome. smilies/smiley.gif

Langleyo I will check the skype part.
axel , November 03, 2009
Skype may not work out of box in some cases and "sudo apt-get -f install" after "sudo apt-get install skype" may be required smilies/grin.gif
Peter , November 03, 2009
Thank you so much! smilies/smiley.gif
Pipps , November 06, 2009
Thanks Pipps! smilies/cheesy.gif

Instruction on how to install skype on Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala was updated. Additionally pidgin (the previous default IM of Ubuntu) was added to the guide.
axel , November 07, 2009
Thanks a lot - good guide - most helpful
Flumen , November 07, 2009
Great guide axel! Thank you so much!
I would suggest you to add a paragraph about "how to auto-mount ntfs hard disks", which is something very useful especially to new users. what do you think?
lynx , November 10, 2009
You are welcome lynx!

In the weekend I will add instructions about ntfs read/write support. I totally forgot it! Thanks. smilies/smiley.gif
axel , November 11, 2009
Nice guide, I'll bookmark this page
You don't add medibuntu repositories, will you give an explanation why and what is the drawback if any?
casper , November 16, 2009
Is Fedora 12 suppose to be able to play Blue-ray movies and if so how do you set that up?
MarkG , November 19, 2009
Hi MarkG,

By default Fedora 12 won't play for sure this kind of disks. Using the codecs from RPMFusion repository you might play unencrypted Blue-ray disks.

I don't have a Blue-ray drive but in Linux there is a problem in Blue-ray playback because of the AACS and BD+ protections.

The whole process is not different between Fedora and Ubuntu.
axel , November 19, 2009
casper, there is no drawback if you install libdvdcss (or any other packages) from medibuntu repository. Feel free to do so if you need any of them. smilies/smiley.gif
axel , November 22, 2009
Awesome Guide!
A buddy of mine sent me a link and I hafta say it's a great way to quickly and easily load up a lot of very functional add-ons.

Thanks a ton for taking the time to hammer this all out!
mrkim , November 24, 2009
You are welcome mrkim. smilies/cheesy.gif
axel , November 25, 2009
well done thanks
harpomason , November 29, 2009
Sounds like the scaffolding for a new distro
Lots of us distro-junkies do most of this on a new install. It sounds like someone should whip up an Ubuntu-based distro that includes all of the above. Maybe a Mint community edition...
hooya27 , December 09, 2009
I tried installing Google Earth using your command, and Synaptic seems to confirm that it's installed, but I can't find it under Applications>Internet, nor can I find it under Find Files. Where did it disappear to? What should I try next?
moe , December 17, 2009
Hi moe, did you get an error like this?

googleearth depends on ttf-dejavu | ttf-bitstream-vera | msttcorefonts; however:
Package ttf-dejavu is not installed.
Package ttf-bitstream-vera is not installed.
Package msttcorefonts is not installed.
dpkg: error processing googleearth (--install):
dependency problems - leaving unconfigured
Processing triggers for shared-mime-info ...
Processing triggers for desktop-file-utils ...
Errors were encountered while processing:

Try to install one of the suggested fonts like this:
sudo apt-get install ttf-dejavu ttf-dejavu-extra

and then reinstall the googleearth deb package:
sudo dpkg -i googleearth*.deb
axel , December 18, 2009
I don't believe I got an error message yesterday and when I tried reinstalling it today this is what I got :

moe@moe-desktop:~$ sudo apt-get install googleearth-package
[sudo] password for moe:
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
linux-headers-2.6.31-14 libtsmux0 linux-headers-2.6.31-14-generic
Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them.
The following NEW packages will be installed:
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 0B/10.6kB of archives.
After this operation, 69.6kB of additional disk space will be used.
Selecting previously deselected package googleearth-package.
(Reading database ... 173941 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking googleearth-package (from .../googleearth-package_0.5.6ubuntu2_all.deb) ...
Processing triggers for man-db ...
Setting up googleearth-package (0.5.6ubuntu2) ...

Does this tell you what went wrong?
moe , December 18, 2009
It seems like yesterday there was a problem with the mirror you used to install the package. Don't worry, this happens sometimes. smilies/smiley.gif
axel , December 19, 2009
Google Earth using your command, and Synaptic seems to confirm that it's installed, but I can't find it under Applications>Internet, nor can I find it under Find Files. Where did it disappear to? What should I try next?
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alicethomas , February 25, 2011

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