Fedora 17, codename Beefy Miracle, is available for download and it comes with a lot of new features and bleeding edge software. It comes with Gnome Shell 3.4 and KDE SC 4.8 along with Linux kernel 3.3.4. You can also integrate your Google, Windows Live and Facebook accounts with Gnome Shell. If you haven't done already download Fedora, install it and let's continue with the post installation guide to configure some basic stuff for Fedora.
*Note: If you want to translate this guide in another language I will be glad to host it here. If you are interested contact me!
*Note: In the following tutorial I am using the command line to install software. Of course you can use the software center to install those applications.
* Modifying sudoers file
Normally if you want to run a command which requires root privileges you first have to type 'su -', type your root password and then type the command. However you can bypass this by using the 'sudo' command. But first you have to configure it like this
su --login -c 'visudo'
Now go below the line:
root ALL=(ALL) ALL
press a, and type the following
username ALL=(ALL) ALL
where username is the username you use to login. Next press Escape. Now, if you want to be prompted for your root password each time you use the sudo command go to this line:
# %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL
and with your cursor pointing on # press x If you don't want to be prompted for your root password each time you use the sudo command go to this line:
# %wheel ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL
and with your cursor pointing on # press x Next, press :wq to save and exit. (type the : as well) * Adding your user to the wheel groupJust type: su -c 'gpasswd -a username wheel'
* Testing sudo
To test if you have done it correctly as a simple user type:
$ sudo whoami
If everything is working properly the command should return the word 'root'.
Fedora uses YUM to install and update its software and automatically resolve any dependencies needed.
Fedora software repositories don't include support for MP3, DVD and Video playback/recording because of patent licenses. For this reason you have to install that software from third party repositories. But don't worry, this is pretty easy! ;)
* RPMFusion repository
Now we are going to install the RPM Fusion Repository. RPM Fusion is a merger of the Dribble, Freshrpms and RPM Fusion package repositories for Fedora and Red Hat Enterprise Linux. A variety of applications is included in that repository such as codecs for mp3 and unencrypted DVDs, multimedia applications such as mplayer, VLX and xine and the closed source Nvidia and ATi video drivers! RPM Fusion has two main repositories: one named "free" for Open Source Software (as defined by the Fedora Licensing Guidelines) which can't be included in Fedora because it might be patent encumbered in the USone named "nonfree" for non-free software, that is everything else which can't be in free; this includes software with public available source-code that has "no commercial use"-like restrictions.
For the rest of this guide I will assume that you have installed and enabled the RPM Fusion Repository. To install it type:
yum localinstall --nogpgcheck http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-stable.noarch.rpm http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-stable.noarch.rpm
* Google repository
First we must install the key
yum install wget
rpm --import linux_signing_key.pub
Add the following to a file called google.repo in /etc/yum.repos.d/:
name=Google - i386
name=Google - x86_64
To be added soon.
Fedora uses Liberation and DejaVu fonts which are installed by default and look pretty smooth and nice, plus they are open source. If you insist on using the Microsoft fonts you can download and install the msttcorefonts rpm like this.
su -c 'rpm -ivh msttcore-fonts-2.0-3.noarch.rpm'
I built it myself using the msttcore-fonts-2.0-3.spec from Fedora-devel mailing list. It includes Arial, Andale, Comic Sans, Courier New, Georgia, Impact, Tahoma, Times, Trebuchet MS, Verdana and Webdings fonts. The procedure just in case you want to build it yourself is the following.
su -c 'yum install rpmdevtools rpm-build cabextract'
rpmbuild -bb msttcore-fonts-2.0-3.spec
su -c 'rpm -ivh msttcore-fonts-2.0-3.noarch.rpm'
Now you can change your fonts through System -> Preferences -> Appearance -> Fonts
**Note: To install many of the following packages you must enable RPM Fusion repository.
su -c 'yum install gstreamer rhythmbox'
To make all mp3 files open by default with Rhytmbox right click on an mp3 file and select 'Open with Other Application...'. Click on Rhytmbox Music Player and you're done. To add mp3 and other audio support type:
su -c 'yum install gstreamer-plugins-good gstreamer-plugins-bad gstreamer-plugins-ugly'
su -c 'yum install amarok phonon-backend-gstreamer'
Audacious is another audio player similar to old winamp 2.x. To install it type:
su -c 'yum install audacious audacious-plugins'
**Note: To install many of the following packages you must have the RPM Fusion Repository enabled as described here . If you have most probably you will prompted to search automatically for the needed codecs. They will automatically installed. As simple as that!
* DVD playback
In order to play DVDs you must install the appropriate codecs.
su -c 'yum install libdvdread libdvdnav lsdvd'
Those files are enough for playing your non encrypted DVDs. However if you want to decrypt an encrypted DVD you need libdvdcss which isn't included in RPM Fusion because of legal issues in some countries such as the US. As mentioned in RPM Fusion . Opinions between the members of RPM Ffusion differ on the legality of libdvdcss, however no one is ready to vouch for it resuming the legal responsibilities. Therefore libdvdcss is being dropped. See also the comments on legal issues in the link above.
**Note: Instead you can use ATrpms for installing libdvdcss.
Add the following to a file called atrpms.repo in /etc/yum.repos.d/
name=Fedora Core $releasever - $basearch - ATrpms
Afterwards install the package like this.
sudo rpm --import http://packages.atrpms.net/RPM-GPG-KEY.atrpms
sudo yum --enablerepo=atrpms install libdvdcss
* Video files playback
When you will try to open a video file with Totem media player it will ask you to search for the necessary codecs. They will be automatically installed! If you have previously set up mp3 playback additional packages would have been installed as dependencies. These packages include video codecs such as xvidcore, ffmpeg and other.
To check some of them type: su -c 'yum install ffmpeg ffmpeg-libs gstreamer-ffmpeg libmatroska xvidcore'
Fedora 17 has installed Totem Movie Player. If you want to play DVD files also with totem type:
su -c 'yum install totem-xine xine-lib xine-lib-extras-freeworld'
I prefer mplayer and smplayer (mplayer's GUI) for video playback. It supports almost any video type, external subtitles as well as DVD playback as long as you have the needed codecs installed as shown previously.
su -c 'yum install mplayer smplayer'
Open smplayer from Applications > Sound & Video > SMPlayer
VLC (Video Lan Client) supports almost any video type without the need of installing external codecs.
su -c 'yum install vlc'
kaffeine is another KDE media player that uses the xine engine.
su -c 'yum install kaffeine xine xine-lib xine-lib-extras-freeworld'
You can download RealPlayer rpm from here . Just choose to open it with the Package Installer. If this fails to install it manually open a terminal, go the directory you downloaded it and type:
su -c 'rpm -Uvh RealPlayer11GOLD.rpm --nodeps'
Avidemux is a very good video editor. Install it like this:
su -c 'yum install avidemux'
It will be listed in Applications > Sound & Video > Avidemux Video Editor.
You can use the following commands to install flash player for both 32bit and 64bit.
rpm -ivh http://linuxdownload.adobe.com/adobe-release/adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm
rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-adobe-linux
yum install flash-plugin
Restart Mozilla Firefox or Chrome and you should have flash plugin support. However consider using HTML5 at least for watching YouTube videos!
Fedora 17 comes with java from the OpenJDK project. It is very easy to install it through yum (if it hasn't already been installed) and it works just fine. Try it! If you still want to install the Oracle (ex SUN) Java go a few lines below.
su -c 'yum install java-*-openjdk java-*-openjdk-plugin'
* Oracle's JAVA JRE
First go to the official Java site and download the latest JRE (Java SE 7 Update 4 at the moment).
Select Linux as Platform and download the jre-7u4-linux-i586.rpm file.
Now open a terminal and type:
rpm -ivh jre-7u4-linux-i586.rpm
Select Linux x64 as Platform and download the jre-7u4-linux-x64.rpm file.
rpm -ivh jre-7u4-linux-x64.rpm
Now to setup java runtime perform the following.
/usr/sbin/alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /usr/java/default/bin/java 20000
Setup the Mozilla/Firefox browser plugin.
/usr/sbin/alternatives --install /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins/libjavaplugin.so \
libjavaplugin.so /usr/java/default/lib/i386/libnpjp2.so 20000
/usr/sbin/alternatives --install /usr/lib64/mozilla/plugins/libjavaplugin.so \
libjavaplugin.so.x86_64 /usr/java/default/lib/amd64/libnpjp2.so 20000
* Oracle's JAVA JDK
First go to the official Java site and download the latest JDK (Java Platform 7 Update 4 at the moment).
Select Linux as Platform and download the jdk-7u4-linux-i586.rpm file.
rpm -ivh jdk-7u4-linux-i586.rpm
Select Linux x64 as Platform and download the jdk-7u4-linux-x64.bin file.
rpm -ivh jdk-7u4-linux-x64.bin
ln -s /usr/java/jdk1.7.4/bin/java /usr/bin/java
ln -s /usr/java/jdk1.7.4/bin/javac /usr/bin/javac
Now run java -version as a user. You should see java version "1.7.0_4"
* Google Chrome browser
First you must enable the Google repository for Fedora as mentioned above.
Next install Chrome like this:
su -c 'yum install google-chrome-stable'
* Transmission bittorrent client
Transmission is a free, lightweight BitTorrent client. It features a simple, intuitive interface on top on an efficient, cross-platform back-end.
su -c 'yum install transmission'
The unrar utility is a freeware program for extracting, testing and viewing the contents of archives created with the RAR archiver version 1.50 and above.
su -c 'yum install unrar'
FileZilla is a FTP, FTPS and SFTP client for Linux with a lot of features.
su -c 'yum install filezilla'
* Gnome Shell tweaks
Tweak the settings, interface, fonts, themes etc.
su -c 'yum install gnome-tweak-tool'
If you don't like the default Gnome Shell you can also try KDE. Just open a terminal and type:
yum groupinstall "KDE Software Compilation"
wh;eel ALL=(ALL) ALL
wh;eel ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL
Now go below the line: root ALL=(ALL) ALL press a, and type the following username ALL=(ALL) ALL where username is the username you use to login. Next press Escape
your-user-name ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL
[txe@Txarlie ~]$ sudo iptables -L [sudo] password for txe: Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT) target prot opt source destination ACCEPT all -- anywhere anywhere state RELATED,ESTABLISHED ACCEPT icmp -- anywhere anywhere ACCEPT all -- anywhere anywhere ACCEPT udp -- anywhere 188.8.131.52 state NEW udp dpt:mdns REJECT all -- anywhere anywhere reject-with icmp-host-prohibited Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT) target prot opt source destination REJECT all -- anywhere anywhere reject-with icmp-host-prohibited Chain OUTPUT (policy ACCEPT) target prot opt source destination [txe@Txarlie ~]$