fedoraFedora 15, codename Lovelock, is available for download for a few days now, and it comes with a lot of new features. And first of all it comes with the new Gnome 3, the next generation of Gnome which is completely redesigned! If you haven't done already download Fedora, install it and let's continue with the post installation guide to configure some basic stuff for Fedora.

1. Configure sudo

* Modifying sudoers file

Normally if you want to run a command which requires root privileges you first have to type 'su -', type your root password and then type the command. However you can bypass this by using the 'sudo' command. But first you have to configure it like this

su --login -c 'visudo'

Now go below the line:

root    ALL=(ALL)       ALL

press a, and type the following

username ALL=(ALL)      ALL

where username is the username you use to login. Next press Escape. Now, if you want to be prompted for your root password each time you use the sudo command go to this line:

# %wheel        ALL=(ALL)       ALL

and with your cursor pointing on # press x If you don't want to be prompted for your root password each time you use the sudo command go to this line:

# %wheel        ALL=(ALL)       NOPASSWD: ALL

and with your cursor pointing on # press x Next, press :wq to save and exit. (type the : as well) * Adding your user to the wheel groupJust type: su -c 'gpasswd -a username wheel'

* Testing sudo

To test if you have done it correctly as a simple user type:

$ sudo whoami

If everything is working properly the command should return the word 'root'.

2. Configure yum

Fedora uses YUM to install and update its software and automatically resolve any dependencies needed.

Fedora software repositories don't include support for MP3, DVD and Video playback/recording because of patent licenses. For this reason you have to install that software from third party repositories. But don't worry, this is pretty easy! ;)

* RPMFusion repository

Now we are going to install the RPM Fusion Repository. RPM Fusion is a merger of the Dribble, Freshrpms and RPM Fusion package repositories for Fedora and Red Hat Enterprise Linux. A variety of applications is included in that repository such as codecs for mp3 and unencrypted DVDs, multimedia applications such as mplayer, VLX and xine and the closed source Nvidia and ATi video drivers! RPM Fusion has two main repositories: one named "free" for Open Source Software (as defined by the Fedora Licensing Guidelines) which can't be included in Fedora because it might be patent encumbered in the USone named "nonfree" for non-free software, that is everything else which can't be in free; this includes software with public available source-code that has "no commercial use"-like restrictions.

For the rest of this guide I will assume that you have installed and enabled the RPM Fusion Repository. To install it type:

su -
rpm -ivh \ 
http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-stable.noarch.rpm
rpm -ivh \
http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-stable.noarch.rpm
yum update

* Google repository

First we must install the key

su -
yum install wget
wget https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub
rpm --import linux_signing_key.pub

Fedora 32bit

Add the following to a file called google.repo in /etc/yum.repos.d/:

[google]
name=Google - i386
baseurl=http://dl.google.com/linux/rpm/stable/i386
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub

Fedora 64bit

Add the following to a file called google.repo in /etc/yum.repos.d/:

[google64]
name=Google - x86_64
baseurl=http://dl.google.com/linux/rpm/stable/x86_64
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub

3. Installing video drivers

**Note: To install the following packages you must have the RPM Fusion Repository enabled as described in Install RPM Fusion Repository .

**Note: The following information was obtained from http://forums.fedoraforum.org/

* Installing nVidia driver

Fedora 15 uses the open source nouveau driver for nvidia cards. This might be enough for you depending on your needs. Kernel Mode Setting (KMS) is now enabled by default on NVIDIA systems as well, through the Nouveau driver. However if you want to have 3D support in Fedora 12 you must install the binary nvidia drivers. Just type:

For GeForce 6, 7, 8, 9, 200, 300, 400 & 500 series cards

su -c 'yum install kmod-nvidia xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-libs'

If you use a PAE kernel

su -c 'yum install kmod-nvidia-PAE'

Reboot

For GeForce FX cards

su -c 'yum install kmod-nvidia-173xx xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-173xx \
xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-173xx-libs xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-173xx-libs.i686'

If you use a PAE kernel

su -c 'yum install kmod-nvidia-173xx-PAE'
reboot

Reboot and you should see the Nvidia logo in your screen.

If it fails to work check /boot/grub/grub.conf to see if nouveau is blacklisted, if not run.

Edit grub.conf

this command adds rdblacklist=nouveau option to /boot/grub/grub.conf 

su -
sed -i '/root=/s|$| rdblacklist=nouveau|' /boot/grub/grub.conf
mv /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img /boot/initramfs-$(uname   -r)-nouveau.img
dracut /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img $(uname -r)

Reboot

If you also want plymouth

su -c 'yum install bootconf-gui'

Then set your desired screen resolution from Applications > System > Boot configuration

If you fell on the following SELinux bug https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=694918 run

su -
grep gnome-session-c /var/log/audit/audit.log | audit2allow -M nvidiaisbroken
semodule -i nvidiaisbroken.pp

* Installing ATi driver

Please note that Gnome Shell doesn't work with fglrx.

su -
yum --enablerepo=rpmfusion-nonfree-updates-testing \
install kmod-catalyst xorg-x11-drv-catalyst xorg-x11-drv-catalyst-libs.i686

For PAE kernels

su -
yum --enablerepo=rpmfusion-nonfree-updates-testing \
install kmod-catalys-PAE xorg-x11-drv-catalyst-libs.i686

Reboot

4. Install Microsoft fonts

Fedora uses Liberation and DejaVu fonts which are installed by default and look pretty smooth and nice, plus they are open source. If you insist on using the Microsoft fonts you can download and install the msttcorefonts rpm like this.

wget http://www.my-guides.net/en/images/stories/fedora12/msttcore-fonts-2.0-3.noarch.rpm
su -c 'rpm -ivh msttcore-fonts-2.0-3.noarch.rpm'

I built it myself using the msttcore-fonts-2.0-3.spec from Fedora-devel mailing list. It includes Arial, Andale, Comic Sans, Courier New, Georgia, Impact, Tahoma, Times, Trebuchet MS, Verdana and Webdings fonts. The procedure just in case you want to build it yourself is the following.

su -c 'yum install rpmdevtools rpm-build cabextract'
rpmdev-setuptree
cd ~/rpmbuild/SPECS/
wget http://www.my-guides.net/en/images/stories/fedora12/msttcore-fonts-2.0-3.spec
rpmbuild -bb msttcore-fonts-2.0-3.spec
cd ~/rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch/
su -c 'rpm -ivh msttcore-fonts-2.0-3.noarch.rpm'

Now you can change your fonts through System -> Preferences -> Appearance -> Fonts

5. MP3 and Audio players

**Note: To install many of the following packages you must enable RPM Fusion repository.

The first time you will try to play an mp3 file Totem Movie Player will come up and it will ask you to search for the mp3 decoder. As long as you have enabled the RPM Fusion repo as mentioned before it will find it and install it automatically. Just like that! If you still want to do it the manuall way...! or install an additional application continue reading below.

* Rhythmbox

I believe that Rhythmbox is a better mp3 player than the default Totem for Gnome users. You can find it under Applications -> Sound & Video -> Rhythmbox Music Player. If you don't have it, to install it type:
su -c 'yum install gstreamer rhythmbox'

To make all mp3 files open by default with Rhytmbox right click on an mp3 file and select 'Open with Other Application...'. Click on Rhytmbox Music Player and you're done.
To add mp3 and other audio support type:

su -c 'yum install gstreamer-plugins-good gstreamer-plugins-bad gstreamer-plugins-ugly'

* Amarok

amaroK is an excellent audio/mp3 player for KDE. Of course you can install it under Gnome or any other Desktop Environment too. To install it and add mp3 support type:
su -c 'yum install amarok phonon-backend-gstreamer'

* Audacious

Audacious is another audio player similar to old winamp 2.x. To install it type:

su -c 'yum install audacious audacious-plugins'

6. DVD & Video

**Note: To install many of the following packages you must have the RPM Fusion Repository enabled as described here . If you have most probably you will prompted to search automatically for the needed codecs. They will automatically installed. As simple as that!

* DVD playback

In order to play DVDs you must install the appropriate codecs.

su -c 'yum install libdvdread libdvdnav lsdvd'

Those files are enough for playing your non encrypted DVDs. However if you want to decrypt an encrypted DVD you need libdvdcss which isn't included in RPM Fusion because of legal issues in some countries such as the US. As mentioned in RPM Fusion . Opinions between the members of RPM Ffusion differ on the legality of libdvdcss, however no one is ready to vouch for it resuming the legal responsibilities. Therefore libdvdcss is being dropped. See also the comments on legal issues in the link above.

**Note: Instead you can use Livna for installing libdvdcss.

su -
rpm -Uvh http://rpm.livna.org/livna-release.rpm
yum install libdvdcss

* Video files playback

When you will try to open a video file with Totem media player it will ask you to search for the necessary codecs. They will be automatically installed! If you have previously set up mp3 playback additional packages would have been installed as dependencies. These packages include video codecs such as xvidcore, ffmpeg and other.

To check some of them type: su -c 'yum install ffmpeg ffmpeg-libs gstreamer-ffmpeg libmatroska xvidcore'

* Totem

Fedora 15 has installed Totem Movie Player. If you want to play DVD files also with totem type:

su -c 'yum install totem-xine xine-lib xine-lib-extras-freeworld'

* Mplayer/SMPlayer

I prefer mplayer and smplayer (mplayer's GUI) for video playback. It supports almost any video type, external subtitles as well as DVD playback as long as you have the needed codecs installed as shown previously.

su -c 'yum install mplayer smplayer'

Open smplayer from Applications > Sound & Video > SMPlayer

* VLC

VLC (Video Lan Client) supports almost any video type without the need of installing external codecs.

su -c 'yum install vlc'

* kaffeine

kaffeine is another KDE media player that uses the xine engine.

su -c 'yum install kaffeine xine xine-lib xine-lib-extras-freeworld'

* RealPlayer

You can download RealPlayer rpm from here . Just choose to open it with the Package Installer. If this fails to install it manually open a terminal, go the directory you downloaded it and type:

su -c 'rpm -Uvh RealPlayer11GOLD.rpm --nodeps'

* Avidemux

Avidemux is a very good video editor. Install it like this:

su -c 'yum install avidemux'

It will be listed in Applications > Sound & Video > Avidemux Video Editor.

7. Flash Plugin

* Fedora 32bit

su -
rpm -ivh http://linuxdownload.adobe.com/adobe-release/adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm
rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-adobe-linux
yum install flash-plugin

* Fedora 64bit

With the following method you will install the native prerelease of 64bit flash plugin. I am using it for a few months now without any problem.

wget http://download.macromedia.com/pub/labs/flashplayer10/flashplayer_square_p2_64bit_linux_092710.tar.gz
tar -zxvf flashplayer_square_p2_64bit_linux_092710.tar.gz -C /usr/lib64/mozilla/plugins

Restart Mozilla Firefox or Chrome and you should have flash plugin support. However consider using HTML5 at least for watching YouTube videos!

8. Java

Fedora 15 comes with java from the OpenJDK project. It is very easy to install it through yum (if it hasn't already been installed) and it works just fine. Try it! If you still want to install the Oracle (ex SUN) Java go a few lines below.

* OpenJDK

su -c 'yum install java-*-openjdk java-*-openjdk-plugin'

* Oracle's JAVA JRE

First go to the official Java site and download the latest JRE (Java SE 6 Update 26 at the moment).

Fedora 32bit

Select Linux as Platform and download the jre-6u26-linux-i586.bin file.

Now open a terminal and type:

su -
cd /home/yourusername/Download/
mv jre-6u26-linux-i586.bin /opt
cd /opt
chmod a+x jre-6u26-linux-i586.bin
./jre-6u26-linux-i586.bin
yum remove java-*-openjdk-plugin
ln -s /opt/jre1.6.0_26/lib/i386/libnpjp2.so /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins/libnpjp2.so

Fedora 64bit

Select Linux x64 as Platform and download the jre-6u26-linux-x64.bin file.

Now open a terminal and type:

su -
cd /home/yourusername/Download/
mv jre-6u26-linux-x64.bin /opt
cd /opt
chmod a+x jre-6u26-linux-x64.bin
./jre-6u26-linux-x64.bin
yum remove java-*-openjdk-plugin
ln -s /opt/jre1.6.0_26/lib/amd64/libnpjp2.so /usr/lib64/mozilla/plugins/libnpjp2.so

* Oracle's JAVA JDK

First go to the official Java site and download the latest JDK (Java Platform 6 Update 26 at the moment).

Fedora 32bit

Select Linux as Platform and download the jdk-6u26-linux-i586.bin file.

Now open a terminal and type:

su -
cd /home/yourusername/Download/
mv jdk-6u26-linux-i586.bin /opt
cd /opt
chmod a+x jdk-6u26-linux-i586.bin
./jre-6u26-linux-i586.bin
ln -s /opt/jdk1.6.0_26/bin/java /usr/bin/java
ln -s /opt/jdk1.6.0_26/bin/javac /usr/bin/javac

Fedora 64bit

Select Linux x64 as Platform and download the jdk-6u26-linux-x64.bin file.

Now open a terminal and type:

su -
cd /home/yourusername/Download/
mv jdk-6u26-linux-x64.bin /opt
cd /opt
chmod a+x jdk-6u26-linux-x64.bin
./jdk-6u26-linux-x64.bin
ln -s /opt/jdk1.6.0_26/bin/java /usr/bin/java
ln -s /opt/jdk1.6.0_26/bin/javac /usr/bin/javac

Now run java -version as a user. You should see java version "1.6.0_26"

9. Useful Applications

* Google Chrome browser

First you must enable the Google repository for Fedora

Next install Chrome like this:

su -c 'yum install google-chrome-stable'

* Transmission bittorrent client

Transmission is a free, lightweight BitTorrent client. It features a simple, intuitive interface on top on an efficient, cross-platform back-end.

su -c 'yum install transmission'

* Unrar

The unrar utility is a freeware program for extracting, testing and viewing the contents of archives created with the RAR archiver version 1.50 and above.

su -c 'yum install unrar'

* Filezilla

FileZilla is a FTP, FTPS and SFTP client for Linux with a lot of features.

su -c 'yum install filezilla'

* Gnome Shell tweaks

Tweak the settings, interface, fonts, themes etc.

su -c 'yum install gnome-tweak-tool'

Comments (12)

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corrections
0
This will correct your header error.


[google64]

name=Google - x86_64

baseurl=http://dl.google.com/linux/rpm/stable/x86_64

enabled=1

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub
sleven7 , June 30, 2011
...
axel
Thank you for the correction steven7 smilies/smiley.gif
axel , July 05, 2011
I have a big problem.
0
Has you can see in the title, I'm having quite a big problem... I followed the guide and everything, and now I restarted my laptop but the boot screen is different it's like a dark blue line then a pale blue line and a white line and then a bunch of things start up but I can't get past that screen, its just a bunch of text saying Starting blablbal. I'm an absolute noob in linux... Can you help me ? Need any pictures?
Mark Greenwood , July 09, 2011
Re: Big Problem
0
That's because the proprietary drivers which you installed can't render the startup animation. if you wait and it locks up then something is wrong, else it's ok... just not as nice as before.

If it doesn't get passed that screen, write what failes at startup (press alt+f1 when the white-blue lines appears.
Dorin , July 20, 2011
root login
0
I installed the Fedora 15, Please let me know how I can login at root.

Thanks
Wayman , July 24, 2011
...
axel
Mark sorry for not replying earlier. Have you solved your problem? Dorin has told you what to do.

Wayman,
in Fedora root login is disabled for a few versions now. Honestly I don't think there is a reason you have to do this. Just login as normal user and when you want to execute a command as root just type "su -" in a terminal. You can also run gksu and provide your root password.

If you still want to login as root there was a workaround in Fedora 12 but I don't know if it still works fedora root login
axel , July 24, 2011
Java SDK
0
Hi,
I am trying to install sun sdk in my laptop running fedora 15. I dowloaded the jdk-6u26-linux-1586.bin file and extracted it to /opt folder. I then made a symboilik link to /usr/bin/java. When when I type 'java' on commandline, it says command not found. I need the sdk for java programming.
How do I do that? Please help.
Thuthu , July 27, 2011
...
axel
Hi Thuthu,
I updated the guide and added instructions on how to install Oracle's JDK. smilies/smiley.gif
axel , July 27, 2011
...
0
Thanks axel, it worked perfectly. Your help is much appreciated.
Thuthu , July 29, 2011
root login
0
Thank you for your reply and advice, I found some info online and now I can login at root,thanks and appreciated.
Wayman , July 30, 2011
Radeon 6550m
0
Can I ask why gnome 3 doesn't work with fglrx? I'm kind of a newb when it comes to all this. I just got a new laptop with a Radeon 6550m video card. Am wondering if it's not working at full capability and how to check if it is or is not? Right at the point in the guide where I update the drivers, and have Fedora 15 with Gnome 3 spin installed. Just wanted to be sure in case I mess it up.
drakkan , July 31, 2011
...
0
One thing you cannot do without: A Taskbar
Install and run: "gnome-panel --replace".
This will give you a top and a bottom panel; the top one covered over by the default panel.
Install and run: "dconf-editor"
Edit: org -> gnome -> gnome-panel -> layout -> toplevels -> top-panel
Set option to auto-hide the top panel, and that gets it out of the way at the top.
Alt/right-click on the bottom panel and choose the Options;
set Background to "Solid Color"; choose black (rgb:000); set Style to 60% transparant.
Alt/right-click and choose 'Add to panel'; search for 'Main Menu' and 'Add';
Alt/right-clock on the new 'Main Menu' icon, and select 'Move', than drag the icon to the leftmost corner on the taskbar.
Add other items as needed.
To startup the newly configured taskbar upon login:
run 'gnome-session-properties' and Add 'gnome-panel --replace'
JeevaniW , October 12, 2011

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