Fedora 14, codename Laughlin, is available for download for a few months now. If you haven't done already download Fedora http://fedoraproject.org/get-fedora, install it and let's continue with the post installation guide to configure some basic stuff for Fedora.
* Modifying sudoers file
Normally if you want to run a command which requires root privileges you first have to type 'su -', type your root password and then type the command. However you can bypass this by using the 'sudo' command. But first you have to configure it like this
su --login -c 'visudo'
Now go below the line:
root ALL=(ALL) ALL
press a, and type the following
username ALL=(ALL) ALL
where username is the username you use to login. Next press Escape. Now, if you want to be prompted for your root password each time you use the sudo command go to this line:
# %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL
and with your cursor pointing on # press x If you don't want to be prompted for your root password each time you use the sudo command go to this line:
# %wheel ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL
and with your cursor pointing on # press x Next, press :wq to save and exit. (type the : as well) * Adding your user to the wheel groupJust type: su -c 'gpasswd -a username wheel'
* Testing sudo
To test if you have done it correctly as a simple user type:
$ sudo whoami
If everything is working properly the command should return the word 'root'.
Fedora uses YUM to install and update its software and automatically resolve any dependencies needed.
Fedora software repositories don't include support for MP3, DVD and Video playback/recording because of patent licenses. For this reason you have to install that software from third party repositories. But don't worry, this is pretty easy! ;)
* RPMFusion repository
Now we are going to install the RPM Fusion Repository. RPM Fusion is a merger of the Dribble, Freshrpms and RPM Fusion package repositories for Fedora and Red Hat Enterprise Linux. A variety of applications is included in that repository such as codecs for mp3 and unencrypted DVDs, multimedia applications such as mplayer, VLX and xine and the closed source Nvidia and ATi video drivers! RPM Fusion has two main repositories: one named "free" for Open Source Software (as defined by the Fedora Licensing Guidelines) which can't be included in Fedora because it might be patent encumbered in the USone named "nonfree" for non-free software, that is everything else which can't be in free; this includes software with public available source-code that has "no commercial use"-like restrictions.
For the rest of this guide I will assume that you have installed and enabled the RPM Fusion Repository. To install it type:
su -rpm -ivh \
* Google repository
First we must install the key
su -wget https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub
rpm --import linux_signing_key.pub
Add the following to a file called google.repo in /etc/yum.repos.d/:
[google]name=Google - i386
[google64]name=Google - x86_64
**Note: To install the following packages you must have the RPM Fusion Repository enabled as described in Install RPM Fusion Repository .
**Note: The following information was obtained from http://forums.fedoraforum.org/
* Installing nVidia driver
Fedora 14 uses the open source nouveau driver for nvidia cards. This might be enough for you depending on your needs. Kernel Mode Setting (KMS) is now enabled by default on NVIDIA systems as well, through the Nouveau driver. However if you want to have 3D support in Fedora 12 you must install the binary nvidia drivers. Just type:
For GeForce 6, 7, 8, 9, 200, 300, 400 & 500 series cards
su -c 'yum install kmod-nvidia xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-libs'
If you use a PAE kernel
su -c 'yum install kmod-nvidia-PAE'
For GeForce FX cards
su -c 'yum install kmod-nvidia-173xx xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-173xx \
su -c 'yum install kmod-nvidia-173xx-PAE'reboot
For GeForce 4 and below
su -c 'yum install kmod-nvidia-96xx xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-96xx-libs'
Reboot and you should see the Nvidia logo in your screen.
If it fails to work check /boot/grub/grub.conf to see if nouveau is blacklisted, if not run.
this command adds rdblacklist=nouveau option to /boot/grub/grub.conf
sed -i '/root=/s|$| rdblacklist=nouveau|' /boot/grub/grub.conf
mv /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r)-nouveau.img
dracut /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img $(uname -r)
* Installing ATi driver
yum --enablerepo=rpmfusion-nonfree-updates-testing \
install kmod-catalyst xorg-x11-drv-catalyst xorg-x11-drv-catalyst-libs.i686
For PAE kernels
su -yum --enablerepo=rpmfusion-nonfree-updates-testing \
install kmod-catalys-PAE xorg-x11-drv-catalyst-libs.i686
this command adds nomodeset option to /boot/grub/grub.conf
su -sed -i '/root=/s|$| nomodeset|' /boot/grub/grub.conf
Backup Old initramfs and remake initramfs
dracut -v /boot/initramfs-`uname -r`.img `uname -r`
Fedora uses Liberation and DejaVu fonts which are installed by default and look pretty smooth and nice, plus they are open source. If you insist on using the Microsoft fonts you can download and install the msttcorefonts rpm like this.
su -c 'rpm -ivh msttcore-fonts-2.0-3.noarch.rpm'
I built it myself using the msttcore-fonts-2.0-3.spec from Fedora-devel mailing list. It includes Arial, Andale, Comic Sans, Courier New, Georgia, Impact, Tahoma, Times, Trebuchet MS, Verdana and Webdings fonts. The procedure just in case you want to build it yourself is the following.
su -c 'yum install rpmdevtools rpm-build cabextract'
rpmbuild -bb msttcore-fonts-2.0-3.spec
su -c 'rpm -ivh msttcore-fonts-2.0-3.noarch.rpm'
Now you can change your fonts through System -> Preferences -> Appearance -> Fonts
**Note: To install many of the following packages you must enable RPM Fusion repository.
su -c 'yum install gstreamer rhythmbox'
To make all mp3 files open by default with Rhytmbox right click on an mp3 file and select 'Open with Other Application...'. Click on Rhytmbox Music Player and you're done. To add mp3 and other audio support type:
su -c 'yum install gstreamer-plugins-good gstreamer-plugins-bad gstreamer-plugins-ugly'
su -c 'yum install amarok phonon-backend-gstreamer'
Audacious is another audio player similar to old winamp 2.x. To install it type:
su -c 'yum install audacious audacious-plugins'
**Note: To install many of the following packages you must have the RPM Fusion Repository enabled as described here . If you have most probably you will prompted to search automatically for the needed codecs. They will automatically installed. As simple as that!
* DVD playback
In order to play DVDs you must install the appropriate codecs.
su -c 'yum install libdvdread libdvdnav lsdvd'
Those files are enough for playing your non encrypted DVDs. However if you want to decrypt an encrypted DVD you need libdvdcss which isn't included in RPM Fusion because of legal issues in some countries such as the US. As mentioned in RPM Fusion . Opinions between the members of RPM Ffusion differ on the legality of libdvdcss, however no one is ready to vouch for it resuming the legal responsibilities. Therefore libdvdcss is being dropped. See also the comments on legal issues in the link above.
**Note: Instead you can use Livna for installing libdvdcss.
su -rpm -Uvh http://rpm.livna.org/livna-release.rpmyum install libdvdcss
* Video files playback
When you will try to open a video file with Totem media player it will ask you to search for the necessary codecs. They will be automatically installed! If you have previously set up mp3 playback additional packages would have been installed as dependencies. These packages include video codecs such as xvidcore, ffmpeg and other.
To check some of them type: su -c 'yum install ffmpeg ffmpeg-libs gstreamer-ffmpeg libmatroska xvidcore'
Fedora 14 has installed Totem Movie Player. If you want to play DVD files also with totem type:
su -c 'yum install totem-xine xine-lib xine-lib-extras-freeworld'
I prefer mplayer and smplayer (mplayer's GUI) for video playback. It supports almost any video type, external subtitles as well as DVD playback as long as you have the needed codecs installed as shown previously.
su -c 'yum install mplayer smplayer'
Open smplayer from Applications -> Sound & Video -> SMPlayer
VLC (Video Lan Client) supports almost any video type without the need of installing external codecs.
su -c 'yum install vlc'
kaffeine is another KDE media player that uses the xine engine.
su -c 'yum install kaffeine xine xine-lib xine-lib-extras-freeworld'
You can download RealPlayer rpm from here . Just choose to open it with the Package Installer. If this fails to install it manually open a terminal, go the directory you downloaded it and type:
su -c 'rpm -Uvh RealPlayer11GOLD.rpm --nodeps'
Avidemux is a very good video editor. Install it like this:
su -c 'yum install avidemux'
It will be listed in Applications -> Sound & Video -> Avidemux Video Editor.
* Fedora 32bit
rpm -ivh http://linuxdownload.adobe.com/adobe-release/adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm
rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-adobe-linux
yum install flash-plugin
* Fedora 64bit
With the following method you will install the native prerelease of 64bit flash plugin. I am using it for a few months now without any problem.
tar -zxvf flashplayer_square_p2_64bit_linux_092710.tar.gz -C /usr/lib64/mozilla/plugins
Restart Mozilla Firefox or Chrome and you should have flash plugin support. However consider using HTML5 at least for watching YouTube videos!
Fedora 14 comes with java from the OpenJDK project. It is very easy to install it through yum (if it hasn't already been installed) and it works just fine. Try it! If you still want to install the Oracle (ex SUN) Java go a few lines below.
su -c 'yum install java-*-openjdk java-*-openjdk-plugin'
* Oracle's JAVA
First go to the official Java site and download the latest JRE (Java SE 6 Update 23 at the moment).
Select Linux as Platform and download the jre-6u23-linux-i586.bin file.
Now open a terminal and type:
mv jre-6u23-linux-i586.bin /opt
cd optchmod a+x jre-6u23-linux-i586.bin
yum remove java-*-openjdk-plugin
ln -s /opt/jre1.6.0_23/lib/i386/libnpjp2.so /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins/libnpjp2.so
Select Linux x64 as Platform and download the jre-6u23-linux-x64-rpm.bin file.
mv jre-6u23-linux-x64.bin /opt
cd /optchmod a+x jre-6u23-linux-x64.bin./jre-6u23-linux-x64.bin
yum remove java-*-openjdk-plugin
ln -s /opt/jre1.6.0_23/lib/amd64/libnpjp2.so /usr/lib64/mozilla/plugins/libnpjp2.so
* Google Chrome browser
First you must enable the Google repository for Fedora
Next install Chrome like this:
su -c 'yum install google-chrome-stable'