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Fedora 11 Installation and Post Installation Guide
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26. Plymouth Graphical Boot

Plymouth is the new Graphical Boot of Fedora 11 which replaces the old RHGB. It requires kernel modesetting (KMS) support to work properly. KMS is currently supported on most ATI Radeon chips; anything from the Radeon 9500 and newer should work. Intel KMS support is in development, but is not yet supported. For all other graphics hardware, the text plugin is used. If you see only a scrolling bar when booting to Fedora you can try to force your Hardware into graphics mode without using KMS support. To do so reat below at the Graphical Boot Problem. However you could first try and change this theme to another one to see if it works without any changes to your grub.conf.

* Plymouth Themes

By default only the solar and text themes are installed. To add additional plymouth themes type:

su -
yum install plymouth-plugin-{fade-throbber,label,space-flares,throbgress,two-step}
yum install plymouth-theme-{charge,fade-in,solar,spinfinity}
yum install plymouth-utils

Now you can try any theme you want like this. Just replace pluginname with one of the following: solar, fade-in, pulser, spinfinity, text.
 

su -
plymouth-set-default-theme themename
/usr/libexec/plymouth/plymouth-update-initrd

After that just reboot your computer.
 

* Graphical Boot Problem

While booting in Fedora 11 you might have seen a blue scrolling bar loading instead of the grub's graphical boot screen. This has happened because of the modesetting option of the kernel that Fedora 11 uses. In order to see the graphical boot you must edit grub.conf and add a vga resolution to it. Here it is how:

 

su -
gedit /boot/grub/grub.conf

Here you must add your framebuffer resolution at the end of the kernel line. Something like this:
 

title Fedora (****)
root (hd0,9)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-**** ro root=UUID=**** rhgb quiet vga=792
initrd /boot/initrd-****
vga=792 stands for 1024x768 resolution with 24-bit colours. You can find the resolution you like from the table below.

Colours   640x480 800x600 1024x768 1280x1024 1600x1200
--------+---------------------------------------------
256 | 769 771 773 775 796
32,768 | 784 787 790 793 797
65,536 | 785 788 791 794 798
16.8M | 786 789 792 795 799
If the resolution you want isn't among those open a terminal and type vbetest as root. You will see a list like this:

[352] 1280x800 (256 color palette)
[353] 1280x800 (8:8:8)
Add 512 to the number you see inside brackets. For example if you have a 24bit widescreen with 1280x800 resolution add vga=865 (512+353).

27. xorg.conf is missing

Many Fedora users complain that xorg.conf is missing in Fedora 11 and cannot find it in its usual location /etc/X11/xorg.conf to make some changes on their own. Well this is not bug, this is a feature of Fedora 11! But here is how to create xorg.conf if you really need it. As root open a terminal and type:

Xorg -configure :1

This will create a default xorg.conf in /root/xorg.conf.new which you can copy to /etc/X11/xorg.conf.

If you are using Radeon or Nvidia drivers from rpmfusion repository alternatively type:

su -
yum install system-config-display
system-config-display
This script will automatically create an xorg.conf in its correct location.

28. GUI root login

Fedora 11 by default doesn't allow someone to login as root through GDM. Instead you have to login as a normal user and become root through your terminal. However many users still want to login as root. Although I don't approve this here is how to do it. Don't forget that once you login as root its easier to damage your system so don't do the following unless you are sure what you are doing.

Open a terminal and type:

su -c 'gedit /etc/pam.d/gdm'
Here find the following line

auth required pam_succeed_if.so user != root quiet
and comment it like this
#auth required pam_succeed_if.so user != root quiet
Save the file and logout.

Do the same for /etc/pam.d/gdm-password

su -c 'gedit /etc/pam.d/gdm-password'
Now you can login as root. However you will notice that some stuff like Services won't run. To solve this type:

su -c 'gedit /etc/PolicyKit/PolicyKit.conf'
And paste the following line between the <config></config>

<match user="root"><return result="yes" /></match>
The problem that remains is that system-config-services is slow to respond, but it works. Don't forget, it's not a good idea to login as root.

29. Install Google Chrome on Fedora 11

I believe you all know Google's browser, Chrome. A Linux version for Debian/Ubuntu is present for a lot time now. Now you can install Chromium on Fedora 11 as well easily thanks to a Chromium repo by spot.fedorapeople.org. It is available for both 32 and 64bit Fedora versions! To do so open a terminal and type:

su -
gedit /etc/yum.repos.d/chromium.repo
And paste the following lines:

[chromium]
name=Chromium Test Packages
baseurl=http://spot.fedorapeople.org/chromium/F$releasever/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
Now just type:

su -c 'yum install chromium'
Now you can launch Chromium through -> Applications -> Internet -> Chromium Web browser

Some users of x86_64 Fedora have mention a few problems like “Error 105 (net::ERR_NAME_NOT_RESOLVED): The server could not be found” or "Error 0 (net::OK): Unknown error"

To resolve them type:

su -c 'yum install nss-mdns'

30. Fedora Books

I have received many emails asking me to advise for Fedora and Linux books. Here are some good books you can read and enhance your knownledge on Linux and Fedora. I hope you will find them useful!



I hope this guide was useful for all Fedora users, old and new ones! If you think there is something that should be added on this guide just leave me a comment below!

Comments (33)

Subscribe to this comment's feed
Root GUI Login not working in Fedora 11
0
This procedure doesn't seem to work for me in Fedora 11 as it did in Fedora 10:

Open a terminal and type:

su -c 'gedit /etc/pam.d/gdm'

Here find the following line

auth required pam_succeed_if.so user != root quiet

and comment it like this

#auth required pam_succeed_if.so user != root quiet

Save the file and logout. Now you can login as root.
Web Wheeler , June 15, 2009
to wel wheeler
0
there are other files in that directory which also need to have the appropriate line commented out

do ls gdm* and then comment out that same line wherever it appears.

note that selinux seems to restrict what 'root' can do from a graphical login, so it will still not work 100% -- i am unable to configure services, at the time of this writing.
alex , June 15, 2009
...
axel
Thanks for the heads up alex. I updated the guide with a way to bypass the services problem you mention.

Fedora 11 root login
axel , June 16, 2009
LOGIN GUI ROOT
0
it works , thanks a lot
ADRIAN , June 18, 2009
thanks
0
thanks sir...appreciate it...i have been following your guide since fedora 8...keep up d good work..all d best...
sid , June 19, 2009
Error in Plymouth Theme section
0
Line reads: yum install plymouth-theme-{charge,fade-in,solar,spinfinity)
Needs a closing }, not a closing )

aka:

yum install plymouth-theme-{charge,fade-in,solar,spinfinity}
Philluminati , June 22, 2009
...
axel
Thanks for the correction, Philluminati! Now it's fixed. smilies/smiley.gif
axel , June 22, 2009
...
axel
Thank you very much sid! I am doing my best to help as much as I can. smilies/smiley.gif
axel , June 22, 2009
Great HOW-TO
0
Thanks! This guide has helped me a lot!
Sigur , June 23, 2009
...
0
hello !
First of all thanks alot for the guide helped alot !!

but got a problem with grub.conf !

title Fedora (****)
root (hd0,9)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-**** ro root=UUID=**** rhgb quiet vga=792
initrd /boot/initrd-****

i did it i changed vga=795 but it didnt work for me ! it said unknown videomode
and came up the same blue bar after 30secs , secondly i tried vbetest as Root
but it said unknown command !
thanks.
Dark , June 24, 2009
Thank you so much!
0
I just wanna express my appreciation to authors. Thank you very much!
Alex Hilton , June 24, 2009
...
axel
Sigur and Alex Hilton,
thank you both very much!

Dark,
if you are using Fedora 11 32bit you can install vbetest through yum (su -c 'yum install vbetest'). I think it's not available for 64bit.

What video card do you have and what drivers?
axel , June 25, 2009
...
0
Graphics Processor: GeForce 8600M GT
VBIOS Version: 60.84.66.00.a0
Memory: 512 MB
Bus Type: PCI Express 16X
NVIDIA Driver Version: 185.18.14
Dark , June 30, 2009
...
0
And another big problem i am facing from last night is that firefox while playing youtube videos is hanging after like every 10 - 15 secs , hangs and runs and after playing a minute or two sounds gone ! i have installed all plugins for pulse-audio etc , and system sounds are working alright only firefox putting this problem !

VLC player hangs while playing anything also the same way !

REAL player is install very smoothly but when i click on it , it just doesnt shows up ! Doesnt Runs !

Compiz-Fuzion installed correctly working fine but i couldnt figure out how to auto revolve the cube Auto !

Thanks in Advance !
Dark , June 30, 2009
Remote xterm.
0
I'm unable to run xterm -d . Is there some setting I'm missing that wouldn't allow this to work.

This is the script that i'm trying to run and it worked fine before I reinstalled the server. I do the xhost + on my machine before attempting to run the script.

thanks for your help.

Jimmy
Jimmy , July 02, 2009
...
axel
Dark have you tried any other video modes? I will check your other questions as well and come back to you.

Jimmy I am not using xterm, but checking its help file I don't see any -d option. Maybe itsn't supported any more or it might have been replaced by something else. Try xterm -help
axel , July 02, 2009
...
0
xterm now is gnome-terminal under fedora11
mxtacsy , July 02, 2009
It Works
0
im new to linux ur given solution work fine. thnks a lot.
Fareed , July 20, 2009
...
axel
Nice Fareed! I am glad my Fedora 11 guide is useful for so many Linux users!
axel , July 24, 2009
excelle
0
Excellent guide, many thanks!
kdl , July 27, 2009
...
0
really thanks !! buddy some of my bugs are sorted out smilies/cheesy.gif
cybernyx , July 30, 2009
graphical root
0
I have installed vbestest but I get seg fault when I use vbetest . what to do ?
1 , August 02, 2009
...
axel
Have you tried manually some of the vga= options?
axel , August 06, 2009
trouble with Fedora & KDE
0
My native language is Portuguese, I have just installed Fedora 11 and Gnome. Spelling marks are displayed correctly in Gnome Desktop, but not in KDE environment. So, spelling marks in words like não, are diplayed at K-desktop as n~ao. Language and keyboard are set correclty.
What can I do?

HJdM
herli menezes , August 15, 2009
...
0
Excellent guide it really help me a lot ...........
praveen kumar , August 24, 2009
Problem with using Sun's JVM & eclipse
0
Well thanks for the guide it is nice. However, I ran into
problems with Eclipse (Fedora-11, Ganymede, Galileo). When
starting Eclipse, I get:

JVM terminated. Exit code=-1
-Dosgi.requiredJavaVersion=1.5
-XX:MaxPermSize=256m
-Xms40m
-Xmx512m
-Djava.class.path=/f-App1/Projects/Eclipse/Galileo//plugins/org.eclipse.equinox.launcher_1.0.200.v20090520.jar
-os linux
-ws gtk
-arch x86
-showsplash /f-App1/Projects/Eclipse/Galileo//plugins/org.eclipse.platform_3.3.200.v200906111540/splash.bmp
-launcher /f-App1/Projects/Eclipse/Galileo/eclipse
-name Eclipse
--launcher.library /f-App1/Projects/Eclipse/Galileo//plugins/org.eclipse.equinox.launcher.gtk.linux.x86_1.0.200.v20090520/eclipse_1206.so
-startup /f-App1/Projects/Eclipse/Galileo//plugins/org.eclipse.equinox.launcher_1.0.200.v20090520.jar
-product org.eclipse.epp.package.jee.product
-vm /opt/jdk1.6.0_16/bin/../jre/lib/i386/client/libjvm.so
-vmargs
-Dosgi.requiredJavaVersion=1.5
-XX:MaxPermSize=256m
-Xms40m
-Xmx512m
-Djava.class.path=/f-App1/Projects/Eclipse/Galileo//plugins/org.eclipse.equinox.launcher_1.0.200.v20090520.jar

So how to fix this?

Thanks!
DanBT , August 28, 2009
rhythmbox & totem failure
0
Hi
I installed & updated some of the useful packages based on
your valuable guide lines. But unfortunately, rhytmbox and
totem stoped playing music after the gstreamer plugin installation
this are the few lines i saw when they are started from the terminal

(rhythmbox:2571): GStreamer-WARNING **: Failed to load plugin '/usr/lib/gstreamer-0.10/libgstdeinterlace.so': /usr/lib/gstreamer-0.10/libgstdeinterlace.so: undefined symbol: gst_video_format_parse_caps_interlaced
(rhythmbox:2571): GStreamer-WARNING **: Failed to load plugin '/usr/lib/gstreamer-0.10/libresindvd.so': /usr/lib/gstreamer-0.10/libresindvd.so: undefined symbol: gst_navigation_event_parse_command
(rhythmbox:2571): GStreamer-WARNING **: Failed to load plugin '/usr/lib/gstreamer-0.10/libgstrtsp.so': /usr/lib/gstreamer-0.10/libgstrtsp.so: undefined symbol: gst_rtsp_connection_set_tunneled
** (rhythmbox:2570): CRITICAL **: gst_ring_buffer_commit_full: assertion `buf->data != NULL' failed
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "/usr/lib/rhythmbox/plugins/rb/Loader.py", line 43, in _contents_cb
(contents, length, etag) = file.load_contents_finish(result)
glib.GError: Bad Request

how can i figure out this
satheesh , August 30, 2009
...
axel
Hi satheesh,

I searched google a little and found these errors occured to other distributions as well. Try to remove the gstreamer packages for now. I hope it will be fixed with an update. :/
axel , August 31, 2009
Typo in one command "yum install plymout-utils" - missing an "h"
0
Hi, thanks for the guide! One small typo...
There's an "h" missing in the Plymouth theme command:
yum install plymout-utils
-- it should be:
yum install plymouth-utils

It's a small typo, but may be useful for those who are new to Linux/Fedora.

Thanks
Jack-fedora , September 03, 2009
...
axel
Thank you for the correction Jack. Typo fixed. smilies/smiley.gif
axel , September 04, 2009
Works fine in Asus EEEPC 1101HA Fedora 11 Gnome
0
I'm on Asus EEEPC 1101HA running Fedora 11 with Gnome.

With this fix everything goes OK. I don't know why but a got a graphical correction too following the steps 21 and 22.

Thank you

André da Palma , September 28, 2009
problem during installation of google chrome web browser
0
su -c 'yum install chromium'
Loaded plugins: aliases, allowdowngrade, auto-update-debuginfo, basearchonly,
: blacklist, changelog, downloadonly, fastestmirror, filter-data,
: keys, list-data, merge-conf, post-transaction-actions, presto,
: priorities, protect-packages, protectbase, refresh-packagekit,
: refresh-updatesd, remove-with-leaves, rpm-warm-cache, security,
: show-leaves, tmprepo, tsflags, upgrade-helper, verify,
: versionlock, whiteout
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "/usr/bin/yum", line 29, in
yummain.user_main(sys.argv[1:], exit_code=True)
File "/usr/share/yum-cli/yummain.py", line 309, in user_main
errcode = main(args)
File "/usr/share/yum-cli/yummain.py", line 157, in main
base.getOptionsConfig(args)
File "/usr/share/yum-cli/cli.py", line 189, in getOptionsConfig
self.conf
File "/usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/yum/__init__.py", line 652, in
conf = property(fget=lambda self: self._getConfig(),
File "/usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/yum/__init__.py", line 237, in _getConfig
startupconf.pluginconfpath,disabled_plugins,enabled_plugins)
File "/usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/yum/__init__.py", line 408, in doPluginSetup
plugin_types, confpath, disabled_plugins, enabled_plugins)
File "/usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/yum/plugins.py", line 163, in __init__
self.run('config')
File "/usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/yum/plugins.py", line 180, in run
func(conduitcls(self, self.base, conf, **kwargs))
File "/usr/lib/yum-plugins/tmprepo.py", line 179, in config_hook
parser.values.tmp_repos = []
AttributeError: OptionGroup instance has no attribute 'values'




how do i fix this problem??
Rana Amit , October 31, 2009
...
axel
Hi Rana Amit,

I don't know why you get this error. Here I can install Chromium fine through this repository. It seems that one of your plugins might be causing this error.
axel , November 07, 2009

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